Since the beginning of the conflict, 7.83 million civilians have left Ukraine and 5.59 million have fled the combat zones to find refuge in the west of the country. The war continues, and so do the needs of the refugee populations: 17.7 million people are now declared in need (OCHA, Situation Report Ukraine – 19 December 2022)
Russian fighting and shelling have intensified in eastern and southern Ukraine, with regular attacks across the country, particularly targeting critical power system infrastructure components, namely power stations and electrical substations. These attacks leave millions of people without electricity, disrupting water supplies and heating systems, while temperatures are dropping below zero in most parts of the country. In December 2022 the authorities set up a system of emergency power cuts in 10 of the 24 oblasts and, in Kyiv, 40% of the capital was plunged into darkness.
On Tuesday, December 13, during his participation in the international conference “Solidarity of the Ukrainian people” organized in Paris and co-chaired with Emmanuel Macron, Volodymyr Zelensky set the tone thus:
We must defeat the energy terror sown by Russia. Generators have become as necessary as armoured vehicles and body armour.
The conflict continues to generate considerable needs in terms of access to medical care (14.5 million people need health care) and also increases the needs of the population, particularly during the winter period. Electriciens sans frontières’ actions aim to support more than 300 collective centres (health centres, reception centres, schools, etc.) to meet the needs of displaced families located in several oblasts affected by the Russian bombardments. ESF is working hand in hand with local partners to provide equipment to meet the basic electrical needs of displaced populations.